Sunday, 3 July 2016

Prickly Pear Cactus

Prickly Pear
Cactus

Imagine a plant which can provide you with several year-round foods, as well as a sweetener, an ice cream flavoring, a red dye, a hair conditioner, flour, and still be a drought tolerant burglar fence. This versatile plant is the prickly pear cactus, providing food, medicine, dye, and landscaping. It is not isolated to remote Arizona deserts, but is found throughout the United States. Though it is most common in the Southwest, it is found on the plains as far east as Nebraska, and one species grows along the Atlantic Coast. Throughout the city of Los Angeles, large and small patches of prickly pear are common on hillsides and vacant lots. In fact, it is so common that it's often just regarded as a "weed."
Though it is correct that cacti are about 90% water, it is a myth that you can simply insert a spigot into a cactus and then fill your canteen. A glue-like liquid can be obtained if you mash and press the pulp of all fleshy cacti. However, the easiest way to obtain water from cactus is to simply peel the fruits or young pads and eat them raw.
The pads, fruits, seeds, and flowers of the prickly pear are all edible and can be prepared in a variety of ways.
The pads and fruits are covered with spines and, at the base of each spine, numerous hairlike glochids. Be careful when you collect and clean the pads and fruits, since these small glochids can cause considerable irritation for several days once they're in your skin. Collect the pads or fruit with thick gloves, or with a piece of canvas or brown paper. The spines and glochids are then removed either by peeling the skin, or by burning them off.
When collecting pads, choose the young, glossy green ones. The older ones are fibrous and tough. Prepare the young pads by peeling their skin, dicing, and adding them to salads. The flavor is reminiscent of sour green peppers.
The peeled pads can also be sliced thin (like green beans) and boiled. The first water is poured off if you want to reduce the sliminess. Then, once cooked in the second water, you can season with butter, garlic powder, and serve. The peeled and sliced green pads can also be dried, and then reconstituted later for various recipes. These dried cactus slicescommonly known as "leather britches"are used in soups and stews in much the way you'd use string beans.
On a "Wild Food Outing" I was conducting, we found wild husk tomatoes, prickly pear, and curly dock leaves. We collected and cleaned an equal amount of all three, and sautéed it in a cast iron skillet over our small fire. With no additional seasoning, this was a delicious, flavorful, and well-balanced dish.
Omelets are commonly made with the young prickly pear pads. Peel and dice, and cook in a skillet until the water starts to come out of the cactus. The bright green cactus will change to a dull greenalmost tanas it cooks. Add diced onions and the eggs, and serve when ready. Prickly pear cactus is commonly served this way in omelets throughout the entire southwestern United States. Huevos rancheros con nopalitos, for example, is ranch-style eggs with cactus.
You will discover that diced prickly pear pads will help to thicken soup and stew stock as does okra. The peeled pads can also be baked like squash or pickled. Also, it has long been believed in Mexico that eating the prickly pear pads helps diabetics. Researchers are now verifying the value of this cactus. Among other things, it helps the pancreas to produce insulin.
The fruit is edible raw, with a flavor reminiscent of watermelon, but with a more granular texture. The fruit is full of tiny seeds which can be chewed and eaten, swallowed whole, or spit out. Many Indians would dry the seeds, and grind them into a type of pastry flour.
These fruits ripen in late summer. Use the prickly pears to make drinks, pies, jam, jellies, and other dessert items. I've even made prickly pear ice cream during one of my wild food cooking classes. We peeled the fruits and mashed the red seedy fruit, not bothering to strain out the seed. The mashed fruit was put into an electric ice cream maker with milk (no sugar was added). The resultant ice cream was excellent!
The seeds, thus saved, can be dried and ground into flour. The flour can be used alone, or mixed half and half with other flours for bread, pancakes, or other pastry products.
Prickly pear juice is also easy to make. Press the peeled fruit through a colander to remove the seed. Add an equal amount of water to this sweet, pulpy mass and serve chilled.
Artists can make a dye from the fresh red fruits, or by squeezing the small cochineal beetles (Dactyopius coccus) that hide within a white fuzz on many of the cactus pads.
Cactus pads can also be used as a hair rinse and conditioner. Take small chunks of the peeled pads, add them to a container of water, and agitate. Strain out the cactus and keep the mucilaginous liquid. This liquid should be massaged into the hair, and then rinsed, resulting in silkier hair.
Prickly pear cactus is an easy-to-grow, drought resistant plant for your yard or homestead. Just plant the individual pads and they will grow. The plants thrive in sunny regions, though most can not tolerate snow and frost, and will die in extremely wet environments.
Prickly pear planted around the perimeter of your yard provides a steady supply of food, and serves as a natural fence through which most animal and human intruders will not penetrate. Also, I have witnessed these border patches of cactus stop the spread of grass fires, though the fire causes some temporary damage to the cactus.
These cactus with their yellow, purple, or red fruits are synonymous with the arid Southwest. Because of their many uses, the prickly pear cactus is worthy of a home in all the backyards and homesteads within its growing climate.

Thursday, 30 June 2016

Fattening Sheep for The Sacrifice Feast of Eid


Market lambs Production



We have bought 20 sheep to be fattened and sold in a couple of months from now in the occasion of the islamic festival called Aid or Eid , when  each family
"Festival of the Sacrifice"), also called the "Sacrifice Feast" or "Bakr-Eid", is the second of two Muslim holidays celebrated worldwide each year, and considered the holiest of the two. It honors the willingness of Ibrahim (Abraham) to sacrifice his son, as an act of submission to God's command, before God then intervened, through his angel Jibra'il (Gabriel) and informs him that his sacrifice has already been accepted. The meat from the sacrificed animal is preferred to be divided into three parts. The family retains one third of the share; another third is given to relatives, friends and neighbors; and the remaining third is given to the poor and needy. In the Islamic lunar calendar, Eid al-Adha falls on the 10th day of Dhu al-Hijjah and lasts for four days.[3] In the international (Gregorian) calendar, the dates vary from year to year drifting approximately 11 days earlier each year. Eid al-Adha is the latter of the two Eid holidays, the former being Eid al-Fitr. The word "Eid" appears once in Al-Ma'ida, the fifth sura of the Quran, with the meaning "solemn festival".

Fattening or direct selling sheep on the occasion of Eid can earn up to 600 DH / head.
The business is profitable but several risks including mortality and poor sales.
Investment, prices, costs, standards to be met ..., all you need to know.

With the approach of Eid Al Adha (Feast of Sacrifice), many Moroccans who engage in sheep farming to supplement their income. Whether professional or amateur exercising from time to time, they share a market of several billion dirhams whose profitability may be important. Net margin can indeed exceed the 20% of turnover, and the gain per head exceed 600 DH. The business is attractive, but it is also risky. Between livestock mortality, poor sales on the eve of Eid and the shenanigans of intermediaries in the souks, the operation can easily result in a loss. We must therefore have experience and master all aspects of this business.

The seasonal fattening if one is in the duration
Investment in sheep farming can take two forms. The first being the seasonal fattening. This activity requires a certain level of investment and is for people wishing to state the operation for several years. In this case, the startup process must take 2 to 3 months before Eid. The second form of this business is limited, it, simple trade sheep to days of Eid. In both situations, industry professionals advise those starting in this business to begin with a herd of 40 heads to a minimum and not exceed 100 for a first experience.

Let's start with the seasonal fattening activity. Prior to source sheep, he must first think to convert a barn comply with health standards. The minimum density to be considered is 1 sheep per square meter. The room must also contain five to six windows of an area of ​​one square meter in order to promote ventilation. In winter, it will reinforce the windows with a plastic cover to prevent the temperature is below 25 °. In summer, by cons, the temperature should not exceed 40 °. It should also provide the stable of feeders and waterers. These facilities can cost from 150 to 1000 DH DH according to quality. Each piece can cover the needs of ten animals.

Choosing the right souk and the right breed
So if you want to acquire a 40 heads herd, must have a room of 60 m2 in peripheral zone. The acquisition of the latter can cost, for example, in the region of Marrakech, between 20 000 and 50 000 DH according to the quality of its manufacture and its location.

After preparing the local you have to go to the acquisition of the herd. The supply can be from farms or souks. The product firm is more, the majority of farmers have recourse to the souks. The cost of the transaction will be tied to an approximate valuation, based on the appearance of the sheep. The most famous souks for practitioners of this craft are Tlat Benguerir, Tlat Oulad Fares, Beni and Meskine Larbaât Marrakech. Within these markets, the two races are predominant, the Sardi and Bergui. It is highly recommended to source Sardi, known for its tasty flesh and coveted for an occasion like Eid Al Adha. Note also that it is imperative to scrutinize the sheep that are available, because sometimes a sick animal or from the herd. Also look out for hooves and horns. The more they are, the more sheep will gain weight with fattening. But the appearance says nothing about the age of the sheep. To find out, check his teeth. If he replaced two milk incisors, then it has exceeded a year. This one is named "Tni". If the replaced teeth are four in number, then the sheep exceeded two years, and it is called "Rbaï". The most popular is the one whose age is one year. Below, the sheep is not religiously valid for the party.

2 kg of food and 5 liters per head per day
To return to our example, the acquisition of a 40 head of cattle with an average age of one year and weighing up to 40 kg can return to 68 000 DH at a rate of 1700 DH head (the price three months of the celebration vary between 1500 and 2000 DH). We must now transport the sheep to the local feeder. The charge is estimated by professionals 5 dirhams per head or DH 200 in total, but can vary according to distance from the souk of the room.

After installing the herd, fattening begins. The sheep feed often consists of straw, bran, corn and barley. The ideal and offer to 1kg of his sheep, half a kilo of corn and half a kilo of barley per day. It must freely drink at least 5 liters of water per day. The cost of food is estimated by professionals at DH 5 per head per day.

Element not to be overlooked: the vaccine against the biliary diseases and pest control. Both treatments are the most common for live sheep. The vaccine vial costs 60 DH and covers the needs of 25 sheep. It must be applied once during the three months.

The pest control costs for its 400 DH and can cover the needs of 40 sheep over the same period. The state conducts sanitary control in the event of an outbreak of contagious diseases. Note that the proper observance of hygiene can reduce the mortality rate of sheep which averages close to 8%. You will also need workers who will fertilize the herd. The latter will cost you between 1000 and 1200 dirhams per month. After three months fattening, sheep should reach a weight of 60 kg minimum. On this side, the customer will not be satisfied. If for example they exceed 70 to 80 kg, this can only improve the profitability of the investment.

The average price of sheep will be 3 000 DH this year
Ten days separate you from the feast of sacrifice. You can make a few sales in rural areas, but it is far more profitable to move to the cities. You will be carrying your livestock in town to reach a wider clientele. Transport costs depend on the distance, but is estimated to average 20 dirhams per head.
In the city, it is also necessary to rent a suitable local herd. In Casablanca, the premises for this purpose cost 300 DH per day in the neighborhood "Afriquia" but can go up to 600 DH. Many customers who are moving to individuals instead of the souks to buy their sheep. This behavior is explained by the confidence offered by this form of distribution. Word-of-mouth is important to know a store and the quality of its herd. The price level has more. This year the average price of mutton will, according to forecasts professionals, 3000 DH. Note that the price depends on both supply and demand than speculation in markets. Note in this regard that the herd this year should be close to that of last year and will reach more than 6 million head according to several estimates.

You can also use the souk, but you must be accompanied by a connoisseur. This distribution channel is difficult and risks ranging from theft to price manipulation by intermediaries to break lovers. To reduce the risk of poor sales, you can wind up at the beginning of the period preceding the feast of sacrifice. Even if you apply a lower price than the market, you can realize gains. However there remains a risk and can result in a subsequent sale to butchers. The offer price will be 50% lower than in the souk. This is explained by the fact that only half the sheep weight consists of meat.
Finally, in terms of the simple resale of sheep, the only differences with the fattening of activity are the highest purchase price of the herd (DH 500 more per head), lack of investment and immunization and the shortest duration of animal feed.

FOCUS: Sardi, Bergui, Dman ... what characterizes each breed of sheep
There are several breeds of sheep in Morocco, two of which are the most dominant: the Sardi race and Bergui race. The first is with a clear complexion. It is renowned for the quality of meat it provides. The specialized areas are Sardi Kalaat Sraghna, Beni Meskine, Chaouia and Tadla-Azilal. The race has Bergui by against a darker complexion and provides a meat of lower quality than the first. The regions that offer this breed are Khénifra Oujda. The price of Sardi may exceed the 25% Bergui. This difference limits the use of Sardi on special occasions. There are other races that remain unpopular because of their inability to gain weight, as Boujaâd race that exists mainly in areas of Khouribga and Beni Mellal. The latter is known for its yellow complexion. Dman the race is renowned for its for its outstanding imaging performance.
In summary, the race that most reports is that of Sardi. The increase in margins is often accepted by customers who wish to procure.







Agriculture plays an important role in Morocco. According to official statistics,
there are 8.7 million hectares of agricultural land of which 14.4% are irrigated, 5
million are forest, and 23 million are pasture (Ministere de l’Agriculture 1998).
Depending on climatic conditions, agriculture, including forestry and deep-sea
fishing, annually contributes between 12% and 24% to the national GDP. In 1998,
the country’s GDP was US$35,546 million and the agricultural GDP was around
US$5,688 million (Secrétariat d’Etat à la Population 1999). Agriculture also
employs 3.4 million people, which represents 40% of the total active population,
and 76% of the rural active population (Ministere des Plans 1994).
Livestock is one of the most important components of agriculture. Its contribu-
tion to the agricultural GDP ranges from 20% to 25%. It employs 20% of the
active rural population and secures the industry and artisanal sectors with products
such as milk, meat, wool, and skins. Moreover, animal products represent 35% of
total food consumption. Livestock production is practiced on 1,100,123 farms,
representing 74% of the total number of agricultural farms (1,496,349 farms)
(Ministere de l’Agriculture 1998).




Small ruminants have an important economic and social role. Their estimated
contribution to the country’s GDP varies from 1.5% to 2%. There are 781,563
farms practicing sheep production, representing 52% of all agricultural farms and
71% of all livestock farms (all species). Farms practicing goat production number
301,897, representing 20% of total agricultural farms and 27% of livestock farms
(Table 1) (Ministere de l’Agriculture 1998).
Small ruminants are raised by both farmers who own land and those who are
without land:
•    Landless farmers keep 7.9% of the total number of sheep and 12.7% of the
total number of goats.
•    Farmers that have less than 1 ha of land keep 8.2% of sheep and 15.4% of goats.
•    Farmers that have 1-10 ha of land keep 47.8% of sheep and 55.2% of goats.
•    Farmers that have 10-100 ha of land keep 33.4% of sheep and 16.2% of goats.
•    Farmers that have more than 100 ha of land keep 2.7% of sheep and 0.5% of
goats.
Moreover, 61% of farmers have less than 20 sheep, 34% own from 20 to 50
sheep and 5% have more than 50 sheep. Also, 78% of farmers have less than 20

Prickly Pear a Magic Plant

I have surrounded the farm with prickly pears plants as a fencing , and they seem to be doing all great as you can see from the pictures I am adding below , prickly pears seems the best plant adapted to this area and it does not need any special attention or care , grows almost on its own and grows anywhere and against all odds ....love this tree and I am planing to plant a bare half hectare with just prickly pears















Tuesday, 31 May 2016

Bhalil Crazy Moroccan village, where the colors are the rules

From Estonian  http://reisijuht.delfi.ee/news/news/poorane-maroko-kula-kus-varvid-on-ja-reegleid-ei-ole?id=73084089

Silvia Parman, editor of the travel guide
Travel guide editor,
02. December 2015 08:00
Moroccan village of Bhalil changes colors every corner and every year, the sight of clutter and misleads the winding streets and different levels in spite of its small size.

Ibrahim was waiting for us at the edge of the old town Bhalil. He looked like a homeless cat, as much as any one man can look like a cat.
Our driver stopped the car. Not to pat done, rather than finding one's way. Although only 1,500 people lived in Bhalil, all on one hill away the volumes and they had only one hotel guests, it was not easy to find a multilevel tänavatelabürindis. So a homeless cat vupsas your chance to see fast car in the front seat.

Booking.com was offered that same morning at four Bhalil single vacant room, and we have not begun to confidently book anything - certainly we can place himself appears, more better price.
Four rooms were really free, not to say that all the rooms were free. Only the green door of the tapping did not meet anyone. Somewhere in Morocco, but at least answered the phone call, the owner Kamal Ibrahim: "If I do an engine run now, I have three hours here!"

We seemed to be enough time to begin to get to know the village and its people. Fesist located 20 kilometers from Bhalil does not give no indication that somewhere nearby there is a modern big city offices, supermarkets, and an international airport.
Bhalil people are very conservative, they buy their food still alive in the market and prepare it according to old recipes, learn to sew traditional clothing and traditional occupations, and I do not represent any of them down, listening to music or browsing the western poetry, which is not rhyme.

But all this does not concern itself with their city. If you think of Miami Vice'i colors apart, and raise all those pink and yellow houses Moroccan village, let you have a little fade in the sun and put on sports cars and speedboats instead of donkeys to move, you can Bhalil.
As if that were not enough - Bhalil colors of each spring without any rules and taboos. One sunny day, the streets are filled with ladders and currently most favorable price, and men and women were värviämbritega võõpavad houses over the winter faded. Fuchsia, light violet, indigo blue, võilillekollaseks.
Of course, there is also the color of the non-disputed but kakeldud. Chefchaouen Morocco are blue, red, Marrakech, Asilah white, blue-white Essaouira - cities, whose colors bring generous place for tourists and observant artists who are famous for talking and paint. The course is also Bhalil people wanted one, and its color. But the meeting of the village, which belongs to the neighboring Istiqlali parter calls for the party's flag colors pale pink city, Environment and Development, the Green Party members röögivad protection, a shopkeeper in favor of the Democratic Party, Vande red, ended with everything remained as always.

As a quick review is in fact a half hour longer than the allotted time, and so were the key before the arrival of the hotel near the back. The sky without warning, pulled a gray donkey from somewhere and came to the cold wind.
Same suddenly appeared in the neighboring house of Fatima, like warm bread oven and an open, caring, and pushed us into one hole in the wall of blue light. Fatima, her husband, and at least four children home consisted of a tiny kitchen, floor to ceiling kõrguvatest clothes stuffed with shelves and a large bed tekikuhilaga of our arrival began to move. Fatima then grabbed two and wrapped us in these emerging, while under a pile of opened up her husband's eyes, looking at us for a moment not so warm. But it certainly was not our revelation to the edge of his bed with something so extraordinary, that the day would come to interrupt sleep.

However, it was pleased to see him, because after Ibrahim had not seen any of the men in the streets, we Bhalil. Our concerns had not yet been replaced by astonishment. We did not realize that when warmer half of the year of construction and agriculture can work out, is not looking for men of your other activities. They just dig in unheated homes tekikuhjade down and waiting. Waiting for spring, northern Morocco Atlas Mountains lets itself always a long wait.
Only in the warm evening sun on the day they are suffering from the Friends a cup of tea, and then disappear again.

Kamal, who apparently in violation of all the rules of the road finally arrived, it was quite a different tree. University gone to France, married and the couple moved there ten years behind Beatrice man was her husband a few years ago moved to the clear intention to open a hotel and do something every day in every season.

Ordinary Bhalil men differed even more, every day of the French consulate in Fes instead running Béatrice helped him take care of the household and guests fragile berberinaine Naima, a wonderful cook, who probably envied Kamali after each gurmeepealinna Fes Restaurant.
And although Kamali Beatrice was one of the family name, he had the same Naïmaga bathrobes and slippers.




Nahksusside sound, among the afternoon we walk at the corner tagalt appeared Ibrahim was not really probably the most common male. He was the village's Guide to poor tourists during the incredible perseverance we tried to offer its services to some of the caves carved into the sides of houses and the village brook display, completely ignoring the sights of the village as the only or the market. "No!" No Moroccan giidile stop light, it works like the color red bull.
Expected a small peace of the countryside still arrived only in the evening and Kamali Naïmaga hot cream soup, golden chicken, colorful vegetables and fruits, and sharing a traditional house Bhalil admiring your designs and wood carvings.
The latter gave us the knowledge that the village is one of the prominent man still - the carpenter, who in a few years has become the largest in Kamali assistant in the construction of the house as a best friend. Forties man thus suddenly became a coveted bachelor in the village. Not for long though, so the next day he was scheduled for a traditional celebration of the birth of the second child and a lamb slaughter festivity.
I wonder if the exotic guests to Bhalil belief to bring good luck, but a day later, we saw all the colors of the city has a completely different angle carpenter standing on the roof terrace of rich and one sheep looking at the truth.
There came to know that Bhalil silmapaisvaid houses not only in terms of its random colors, its spontaneity behind it is very thoughtful architecture. For example, the drain hole on the roof terrace, which is tightly pressed against each other in houses is the only suitable place veristamiseks sheep or chickens beheaded thrive ... what will happen probably more frequently than we would like to know.
Child birth seventh day organized party is still kind of a ghastly murder, it is a happy day when the daughter of the birth of a cut in the throat of one of the sheep - his son for two years - women hooted jauntily sing, children throng curiously giggling increasingly closer to young parents embrace each other happy, all of get plenty of light sweet tea and cookies.

All the streets of the city while looking for new quests softly against a rainbow-colored walls of the house quiet, a few bread from the oven and home tõttav woman to lurk somewhere in the corner behind the catch Ibrahim.

Wednesday, 18 November 2015

HOT HOT : Farmland Investment Opportunity in Morocco










Fertile Farmland , not far from FES International airport , on the foothill of the Atlas mountain with Breathtaking Scenery ,

The farm has fertile soil with 3 wells , the land is virgin and is suitable for a fruit trees project , animal farm , an Ecotourism project , an Off Grid retreat , a retirement holiday home , an Investment or all the above .

The Total Surface Area is of 6 Hectares or 14.8 Acres

Google Maps Coordinates : 33°50'48"N 4°54'24"W

The Total Price is 200 000 USD

I am not an agent , I am The Owner

Contact me by  email : webmaster.khalid@gmail.com

More info at : http://www.expat-blog.com/en/housing/africa/morocco/fes/44-land-for-sale/352114-farmland-for-sale-in-morocco.html

Farmland Investment Opportunity in Morocco

Farmland Investment Opportunity in Morocco

Fertile Farmland , not far from FES International airport , on the foothill of the Atlas mountain with Breathtaking Scenery ,

The farm has fertile soil with 3 wells , the land is virgin and is suitable for a fruit trees project , animal farm , an Ecotourism project , an Off Grid retreat , a retirement holiday home , an Investment or all the above .

The Total Surface Area is of 6 Hectares or 14.8 Acres

Google Maps Coordinates : 33°50'48"N 4°54'24"W

The Total Price is 200 000 USD

I am not an agent , I am The Owner

Contact me by Phone : 00212 696975648 or via email : webmaster.khalid@gmail.com



Why Land investment in Morocco

Land values in Morocco are rising rapidly as developers and investors compete to secure development sites. There is significant opportunity for capital growth in land banking alone plus, through our Planning and Building Consultancy , we help clients add even more value to their land by obtaining planning permission for development.

Benefits of land investment in Moroccan:

    Morocco has a well-established land registry ensuring secure title to all land plots.
    There are no restrictions on foreigners purchasing land which has been zoned for development.
    Predicted 20% capital growth per year.
    Moroccan Land & Investments will carry out all the necessary due diligence on potential land plots.





























Tuesday, 9 September 2014

Successful cultivation of Cabbage

Certainly, cabbage takes up the vegetable garden, but it also offers a lot. By choosing two or three varieties, and by staggering the planting, you can consume throughout the year.
Brassica oleracea

The species Brassica oleracea, in the family Brassicaceae, covers various forms of cabbage: cabbages which includes cabbages and Savoy cabbage, cabbage Kale (green cabbage or kale as kale) or still sprouts whose inflorescences are eaten as cauliflower or broccoli.
Kale is also called winter cabbage; this is not trivial. Very cold hardy, can withstand temperatures down to -15 ° C. Another advantage, it grows easily and is not frequently the onslaught of slugs. Like broccoli, offer to the sun and a humus-rich, fresh and deep soil.

Cabbage likes more in a humid climate, with mild temperatures. Trickier, he asks the sun, but fears drought; he enjoys the water provided the soil is well drained. We distinguish varieties of spring, summer, autumn and winter.
Sowing and transplanting
Broccoli seedlings


The seedlings are in the ground, nursery or protective cover.

For kale, follow in April and May in the nursery or on site. Planting of cabbage can start as early as February if you put them under cover; Mid-March to June and mid-August to September, have them in the nursery. While planting broccoli, depending on the variety, they are spread from April to June and are also in the nursery.

Transplanting is done when plants are between 3 and 5 sheets after praline in advance roots (transplanting broccoli can be done with the root ball). Maintain a distance of at least 50 cm between each foot and confine them with a dibble.

For growing cauliflower, read "Cauliflower, sowing, planting and harvesting."

maintenance

Cabbages and broccoli fear drought. Hoeing and weeding are therefore required and watering during drought. Mulching is of course recommended.

Kale demand for its less attention; keep his feet cool with a good mulch.
harvest

Harvesting of cabbage is about 4 to 9 months after planting, depending on the cultivar.

The leaves of kale are taken as needed throughout the winter. Collect them after the arrival of the first frost, they make up for in flavor.

Cabbages can be kept up. Cold region, it is possible to gauge the winter varieties.

As for the harvest of broccoli sprouts, she can start when the stems bearing inflorescences are 15 cm and before the flowers open.

Start by collecting the terminal bouquet and then continue with the side bouquets.
Harvesting cauliflower read "Cauliflower, sowing, planting and harvesting."

enemies
Cabbage white caterpillar

The enemies of cabbage are many: flea beetles, cabbage maggot, cutworm, diamondback, clubroot or slugs. There are several natural ways to get rid of it: see "Fighting against aphids" and "Cauliflower: sowing, planting and harvesting."

Pay particular attention to the attacks of slugs that will do short work of the young shoots.

Regarding diseases to fear, avoid too acidic soils that tend to favor clubroot. Damping-off in turn can outsmart by clear seeding an airy ground.
associated plants

Cabbages do not like the allium and the company of other cabbages. Instead, offer a neighborhood of carrots, spinach, runner beans and tomatoes and maybe some aromatics (lemon balm, dill ...) to repel parasites!